Monday, April 22, 2024

Humans, Psychology and Sociology as a Circle of Mutual Influence


By Omotola Otubela 

  • Title: There Is a Lunatic in Every Town 
  • Author: Bash Amuneni
  • Publisher: SEVHAGE Publishers
  • Number of pages: 83
  • Year of publication: 2016
  • Category: Poetry

Ideas become irrelevant when they are not channelled or directed to the right people through an effective medium. African poets such as Wole Soyinka, John Pepper Clark and Tade Ipadeola have called attention to the relevance of African literature. A new voice joining the chorus of these legends is the performance poet and essayist, Bash Amuneni. His works include Freedom, a spoken word poetry album released in 2015, and There Is a Lunatic in Every Town, published in 2016. From a close study of these two works, one can observe that Amuneni is a poet that is greatly inspired by the society at large.

There Is a Lunatic in Every Town significantly encompasses real-life happenings. The collection is divided into three sections: ‘Resonance’, ‘Intimacy’, and ‘The Human Condition’, consisting of seventeen, ten and eighteen poems respectively. The collection posits that people are the architects of their own destruction. According to the poet, we are all lunatics dressed up in fancy clothes, pretending to be dealing with life our own way. We all are lunatics because we contribute to the increase of social vices in our environments, knowingly or unknowingly. We all are lunatics because we choose to stay quiet rather than do something to improve our political or economic situations. This silence upsets our psychological balance. Amuneni writes:

I saw her
but what I didn’t see
was our consciences give
just highway [kings]
who really cares
for the beggar mum
her infant and their

The opening poem, ‘We Would Continue the Conversation’, is quite disturbing, as it evokes the imagery of unrest and a situation where pain overshadows pleasure and peace of mind:

Where fleeting discomfort
Outweighs the soft stroke of a patient wind.


[A]nd hurt can be traced
in honest batting of eyelids
carving a broken trail of tears.

Other poems in the first section such as ‘Yesterday in Aba’, ‘Ileyi’s’, ‘Something Happened in Nyanya’, as well as ‘Flinch’ – a poem dedicated to the Chibok girls – all follow this disheartening and sorrowful path. In ‘Something Happened in Nyanya’, the poet writes:

I heard a blast and dawn’s façade was torn
scarred in hot tears of gash and guts
pelted flesh smacked in disgust
at shattered panes.

In the midst of all the chaos, the poet reminisces on the good old days, informing the reader that things used to be rosy and peaceful before greed set into the hearts of people and political office holders became shamelessly polluted and corrupt.

In ‘Ghali’, Amuneni writes:

Remember the times
before the rustling of harmattan and candid rain
when children would dance
sticky mud between naked [feet]


[L]ife surprises at noon
boasting in reprise of uncertainties
carrying its canny and callous ways.

In ‘My Mother’s Compound’, the poet reminisces on homecoming:

I have come home
Where we bragged over
morsels of pounded yam
and chunks of skewed meat
in a pot of a tasty [mix]

The second section, ‘Intimacy’, offers poems that liken love and affection to the beauty and essence of nature. In ‘Chlorophyll’, the poet limns:

Amber strips
sated of color
fresh [chlorophyll]

He continues:

Love does not journey to the moon and back
It cuddles
secure in a heart
in the simple warmth of your trust.

However, it is not only the issues treated that place Amuneni in the league of the likes of Wole Soyinka, John Pepper Clark, Dike Chukwumerije and Efe Paul Azino. His use of language, style, and technique, combine with his thematic essence to earn him such repute. He blends a few African languages with the English language in poems such as ‘Akwanga’:

I taste her in longings of Samiya
from a freshly etched kwarya
Mutun’s masterpiece
returns in generous submissions
Sauka Lafia


Akwanga warms at Akuriwari
She gushes at Hunku
She is wild at Gizar
Kwararafa’s ageless maiden
Akwanga is coming

Again in ‘I Drank from the Benue River’:

[N]uance of a buzzing kakaaki
charms to contemplate this distinct strips of anger
bathed in genger
soft and calling [nyam-igyo]

Not only does the poet go beyond the norm of using literary forms to illumine the day-to-day events and experiences of Africans in their habitats, he uses his poetry collection to reveal the psychological and emotional struggle that the human mind in general suffers from. This feature of the collection is most evident in the poems of the final section, ‘The Human Condition’. ‘Lunatics on the Loose’ sets the pace:

There is a lunatic in every town
building hospitals they never use
gathering bills for pills

He continues:

[S]canning huge garbage heaps
by the roadside every time
yet doing nothing each time
passing by, tossing a little more to build up a pile.

As opposed to the idea that ‘lunatic’ here would refer to a mentally unhealthy or deranged person, the poems show different angles from which one’s behaviour or misguided idiosyncrasy qualifies as lunacy and includes such a person in the rank of ‘lunatics’. This set of people suggestively includes those in positions of power, as well as the common person on the street.

In addition to adopting a very unique style of writing, Amuneni wraps this literary work in a wide range of figures of speech, making undeniably tasty morsels. This adds aesthetic value to the collection.

In the heat rising from treating sensitive and serious issues, the poet introduces a delightful and funny poem titled ‘Isi Ewu’, named after a Nigerian delicacy otherwise known as goat head pepper soup. Even though the isi ewu makes the poet-persona stool uncontrollably, he still craves more and vows to consume it to his heart’s content:

Isi ewu
I don’t care
Let’s bet, I swear
I would do you hot yet [again]

By introducing this lighthearted poem, one may infer that the poet is trying to tone down the disheartening element of the principal poems. More than this though, ‘Isi Ewu’ creates a distraction from the serious issues realised by other poems, thus causing a bump in the entire poetic rendition.

The collection is marred by some grammatical inconsistencies. For instance, in ‘Mirror’, the poet-persona ends the stanza thus:

[A]nd loop the world to heed
the chilling chatter
beyond this [sic] cracked walls

In the last line of the stanza above, the poet persona uses the singular determiner ‘this’ in referring to the plural noun ‘walls’. One cannot shelter this grammatical infelicity under the umbrella of poetic license.

The poet uses this collection to show that humans, their minds and the society in which they reside are all intertwined. This means that human actions and inactions are influenced by their minds and also reflect the societies they live in. Inasmuch as humans are products of their societies, a defect in any of the three areas will affect the others. In ‘Haze’, the poet writes:

Of gaping hoofs trudging rugged streets
in patched flip flops
chasing a sale
Of sweat for sweet
on these mean streets
that eat dreams
Of deals brokered
at the edge of grey [kerbs]

By treating all these important themes in relation to the African society, the African, human life and living conditions in general, Amuneni’s There Is a Lunatic in Every Town becomes a huge contribution to the narrative of the African experience and the enlistment of African literature amongst the world’s literatures.

It is quite discouraging that other than a few reviews and mentions in some national dailies and international magazines, such an outstanding collection of poems as this has received minimal critical attention. This collection is highly recommended for academic engagement as well as leisure reading.

Photograph: ‘Diallo compound, Ibel, southeast Sénégal (West Africa)’ by John Atherton 

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Omotola Otubela
Omotola Otubela
Omotola Otubela is a 200-level student of English from the University of Lagos. She is a lover of literature with an eclectic taste. She also has a Diploma in English Language from the University of Lagos. She aspires to become an On Air Personality alongside being a writer. She was a Wawa Book Review Young Literary Critics Fellow.

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